These are some of the Taekwondo terms that we use in our Korean Martial Arts (Taekwondo/Hapkido) Classes at the Dragon Gym in Exton, PA.



English Korean Transliteration English Korean Transliteration
Grand Master Kwan Jang Nim Martial Arts Moo Do
Master Instructor Sa Bum Nim Martial Artist Moosa
Assistant Master Bo Sa Bum Nim Form/Pattern Poomsae
Chief Instructor Su Suk Kyo Bum Nim Uniform Dobalk
Instructor Kyo Bum Nim Flags Kukki
Team Captain Bo Kyo Bum Nim Front Ap
Hello, How Are You Ahn Yong Ha Shim Nika Back Di
Thank You Kum Sa Hum Nida Side Yup
School/Training Area Dojang Kick Chuggi
Block Makki Breaking Kyuk Pa
Reverse Bon Dae Jump Reverse Edan Bon Dae
Tumbling Nak Bup Jumping Edan
Right Oren Pyon Left Wen Pyon



Front Kick Ap Chuggi Side Kick Yup Chuggi
Roundhouse Kick Doleya Chuggi Front Hook Kick Ap Whollegi
Inside Crescent Kick Ahn Chuggi Back Kick Di Chuggi
Outside Crescent Kick Bakka Chuggi Back Hook Kick Di Whollegi



English Korean Transliteration English Korean Transliteration
High Block Ul GuI Makki Knife Hand Block Sohn Nal Makki
Low Block Arae Makki Low Knife Hand Arae Sohn Nal Makki
Inside Block Ahn Makki Spear Hand Sohn Goot
Outside Block Bakka Makki Punch Jiragee
Palm Block Batang Sohn Makki Scissor Block Galwe Makki
Hammer Fist Ma Chu Mok Double Outside Block Hetcha Makki
Back Fist Dung Chu Mok Ridge Hand Dung Sohn Nal
Double High Outside Block Duel Pol Mok-UI GuI Makki    



Face UI GuI    
Body Mom Tong Hand Knife Edge Sohn Nal
Neck Mok Knee Mor Roop
Fist Chu Mok Low Area A Rae
Foot Bal Elbow Pal Kup



Horse Stance Ja Choom Suggi
Back Stance Di Koop Yi Suggi
Front Stance Ap Koop Yi Suggi



Attention Cheri Ut Begin Shi Chak
Salute Flags Kukki A Chu Mok As You Were Barro
Meditation Jang Ja Stop Gu Man
Bow Ken Ya Continue Gae So
Stationary Turn Di Ro Dora Attack Kong Kyuk
Ready Chun Be Ready Stance Chun Be
Reverse Hand Sohn Kiote Reverse Stance Bal Kiote


We hope you found this list of taekwondo terms useful!  

Using Korean terms in Taekwondo classes serves several important purposes:

  1. Cultural Respect and Authenticity: Taekwondo is a martial art that originated in Korea. Using Korean terminology honors its cultural heritage and maintains the authenticity of the practice. It's a way of paying homage to the art's roots and preserving its traditions.

  2. Universal Language: Taekwondo is practiced worldwide, and the use of Korean terms creates a universal language among practitioners. This ensures that students can train in any dojo around the globe and understand commands, techniques, and forms, promoting a sense of global community within the sport.

  3. Discipline and Mental Training: Learning and using a foreign language requires discipline and mental effort, which are key components of martial arts training. It helps students focus, enhances their memory, and contributes to the overall cognitive development that martial arts promote.

Incorporating Korean terminology into training sessions enriches the learning experience, deepening students' engagement with Taekwondo both as a physical discipline and as a cultural practice.

Exton Taekwondo Classes - USA and ROK Flags


Somnath Sikdar
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Dave Herion 07/11/2017 08:13 AM
Thanks for posting, very helpful!
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